Social Security in the 21st Century

Social security is one of the successes gotten by the Americans. The program provides a foundation of economics security for more than 47 million Americans and their families. The reason for the built in protections, we have come close to eliminating poverty among seniors. It also helps in the provision of basic income to millions of families who have suffered the death or disability of a wage earner.

The financial security of social security is very strong. In 2003, it took in the rate of $161 billion more than it paid out in benefits. These programs have the resources to provide benefits for the baby boomers and their children and grandchildren. The security trustees predict that it will pay ever -increasing benefits through at least many more years to come when a surviving baby boomer will be mostly in his/her 80s and 90s. If the US economy long-term growth rate falls to half the level of the past 50 years, the trust fund may be depleted after 2042, but social security payroll taxes alone would still cover benefits worth an estimated $1000 more after inflation than today’s senior receive.

Using less -pessimistic assumptions, the trustees low – cost long term forecast predicts that it will continue to provide each generation of retirees with more generous benefits than their predecessors through the entire 21st century. If social security finances are really in good shape why have so many politicians, policy analysts,and reporters warned us that something must be done to save it? How we have so many Americans become convinced that it won’t be there for them.

Misconceptions about social security are widespread because predictions about the distant future based on multiples assumptions are reported as facts”, frequently distorted,and almost always considered out of context. In addition, some organizations and individuals committed to privatizing it are driven by ideology or hope of profiting from the billions of dollars in investments fees that a privatized system could generate.

The majority of American would be worse off financially under a privatized system, all would be far less secure,and creating a new system would cost trillions of new tax dollars. Therefore, undermining faith in the existing program has been a major strategy private organizations have used to promote their agenda.

This report provides background information on how social security works, explains how it is that Americans can easily afford it in the long run even as our population ages, and points out fundamental problems with proposals to privatize the program.

Finally, it recommends ways we should improve social security to serve Americans better. While we most often see it as a retirement program, 30% of beneficiaries collect survivors of disability insurance. Social security survivors insurance provides benefits to the families of deceased workers, including children under 18, 18 and 19 years -olds in high school, disabled sons or daughters of any age, elderly dependent parents, and surviving spouses who are elderly, disabled, or caring for eligible children.

The social security trust fund & the trustees report is based on the projects of income and expenses of social security for 75 years into the future. The projections require numerous assumptions about birth rates, immigration rates, unemployment, average wages, life expectancy, and the like over. Over 75 years, small differences in assumptions can result in large differences in outcomes. The trustees make three different projections based on different assumptions. These three scenarios are called the low cost, intermediate, and high -cost projections:

The trustees intermediate projection: the trustees intermediate projection predicts that social security payroll taxes will continue to exceed benefits until 2018, and the combination of taxes and interest on the trust fund will cover benefits until 2028.

The trustees low-cost projection with slightly different assumptions predicts that the trust fund will never be exhausted and the program will always have the resources to pay full benefits without any changes in the tax rate or benefit formula.

The Reasons Which Trigger Liability Insurance Extensively

The age that we live in is becoming cognizant enough of their liabilities. Much before the results are out all acts of defence are kept ready. Doctors make it a point to pay huge amounts of money to get them insured as patients can try to make them accountable for careless or malpractice issues. This is very common in case of a liability insurance, patients are ready to file suits against anyone mistake done by them and demand a compensation. It is not only common for doctors but also for the education sector. Many schools adopt safer means to avoid any sort of litigation.

So what is Liability Insurance? The Liability insurance is vital for all the people who can be held legally accountable for the damage to others, especially the doctors and business holders. All these people procure the liability insurance for a coverage in case of a faulty product and cause damage to the buyers or any third party. This covers even if the employee gets injured while carrying out the business procedures.

Liability insurance is of various types and some of them are stated as below:

• Public Liability – It covers an individual, business unit, any incident, a worker- and even the infrastructure for overheads from legal proceedings if one is found accountable for the injury, death, damage…

• Insurance for product liability- This is specifically for businesses units that build the products for sale purpose taking place at the general market. It protects against any litigations which are the result of any sort of injuries or death which are due to the products.

• Indemnity insurance- This offers a protection for a business against any sort of carelessness of claims due to any finances which are the results of a lapse to accomplish.

• Director and officer liability coverage- This is for the business house that comprises of the board of directors to protect them in case the company gets litigated.

• An umbrella liability policy- This policy protects against any disastrous or ruinous loss.

As stated above, we have seen some forms of liability insurance, in brief, now is the time to see what makes them being used so extensively by going through their importance.

Importance

• Having a liability insurance, one gets a cover against a magnitude of litigations which could be in connection with their products and services, harm or damage done to employees, workers any sort of neglect etc. One advantage of having this is an exemption from legal fees and medical expenses as well since it is already taken care of once you buy the insurance policy.

• This kind of cover even protects the expert and skilled people during their business transactions. This policy covers professionals like lawyers, consultants and doctors. This covers also shields as against the heavy losses which are related to damage done to a property, investigation expenses, medical expenses etc.

• This policy even ensures all risks that are related to the employees during their course of employment. In case they suffer from any damages, any sickness due to work, loss of their income while serving, they get a proper disbursement and restoring them in the former state.

So we can state that Liability insurance is a segment of the general insurance related to the risk financing and bought in order to provide protection to the purchaser against any liability risks which are levied by litigations and so it is of utmost importance to be used by all business houses and professionals for a smoother work life.

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What Makes Insurance to Be the Paradigm for a Secure Future?

The whole nature cycle in the present times are going for a toss with earthquakes and floods becoming too common, the water reserves are going down and animals becoming homeless due to a steadfast population. The natures balance is getting altered due to interferences like cloud seeding etc. Life is uncertain and there is a need to get insurance to be able to recuperate from untimely deaths, loss, destruction, damages, etc. So what is insurance?

Insurance is nothing but a cover that protects one against any sorts of risks and insecurities. The chief component of it being of sharing the risk. It can be referred as a contract where a stipulated amount is paid so that the insurer can help the insured people recuperate from the loss and after effects of a damage or risk, in case of any eventuality.

The establishment that helps to get this understanding is called the insurance company. Any individual who wants to get insurance done is known as Insured/Assured. The written contract between the two parties is referred to as the Policy.

After knowing in brief about the insurance, let us have a look at the different types which exists.

Types

Life Insurance- The amount gets paid under this cover only after the death of the assured, or when the policy expires, whichever happens first. However, this is not an indemnity bond as the loss of one’s life cannot be recompensed yet a particular sum of money can be paid.

Fire Insurance- This type of cover protects against all types of damages that result due to fire. It is considered as a contract of indemnity whereby the insurance companies pay off for the loss that takes place. Generally, this cover is only valid for a year’s time after which it needs to be renewed. One needs to keep just two aspects in mind to claim for this and they are:

• There should be a genuine loss

• The fire should be by accident and not done intentionally.

Marine Insurance- This kind is one of the oldest and covers all loss related to the marine exploration. In this type, the insurer pays off for the partial or the full loss to the owner of a ship or cargo. This again is a contract of indemnity where the assured can recover the real amount of coverage subject to the maximum limit that one is insured for.

After studying the various types, let us see their importance which leads to a secure tomorrow.

Importance

• Due to insurance, the international trade has started touching peaks as marine insurance gives a cover against all types of risks related to the sea.

• In today’s time, the life insurance policies are available in many forms and they can be used for accomplishing of one’s social obligations, educational loan or marriage loan etc.

• Large funds get accumulated by the help of premium paid by the “insured” and that helps as a significant factor for the capital foundation as well as the economic development of a country.

• Insurance does not only ensures protection but also is a great way of investment as the premium gets paid from time to time and after maturity, the lump sum is given to the insured.

Thus, it is always an astute step to get one insured and spare oneself from the horror of any loss, or damage which could be emotional or financial. Let’s save today for a thriving tomorrow.

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