Official Language Policy – Constitutional Provisions (for departmental examination)

Official Language Policy – Constitutional Provisions for departmental examination

 

On 14th September 1949 Hindi was accepted as Official Language of the Union by the Constitutional Assembly to incorporate within the Constitution of India. We rejoice Hindi day (Hindi Divas) on 14th September, yearly. Provisions relating to Official Language are contained in Article 120(1), 210(1) and 343 to 351 of the structure.

Article 120(1): Business in Parliament shall be transacted in Hindi or in English.
Article 210(1): Business within the Legislature of a state shall be transacted within the Official Language or Languages of state or in Hindi or in English.
Article 343(1): The official Language of the Union shall be Hindi in Devnagari Script. 2) The type of numerals for use for the official functions of the union shall be the worldwide type of Indian numerals.
Article 343(2): For the interval of 15 years from the graduation of the structure, English Language shall proceed for use.
Article 343(3): Parliament could also be legislation present for the usage of the English after 15 years.
Article 344: The President shall represent a fee after 5 years from the Commencement of the structure and thereafter ten years.

(a)   The progressive use of the Hindi Language for the Official functions of the Union.

(b)  Restrictions on the usage of English Language for all or any of the Official functions of the Union

(c)   Language of communication between Union and State or between Union and State or between One State and one other.

There shall be constitutional committee consisting of thirty members of whom twenty shall be from Lok Sabha and ten from the Rajya Sabha. It shall be the obligation of the Parliamentary Committee to look at the suggestions of the fee so constituted.
Article 345: The Legislature of states by legislation can undertake a number of languages as: Official Language or Languages of the state.
Article 346: Official Language for communication between one state and the Union.
Article 347: Provides for particular provision regarding language spoken by a Section of the inhabitants of a state.
Article 348: Deals with Languages for use within the Supreme Court and within the High Courts and Acts, Bills and many others. ordinances, orders rules and bye legal guidelines issued underneath the structure shall be in English language.
Article 349: No. Bill to be launched for modification of the language until President provides sanction. After contemplating advice of the fee and the committee constituted for the aim.
Article 350: Deals with Language for use in illustration for redressal of Grievances.
Article 351: Deals with Directive for improvement of Hindi Language to advertise the unfold of the Hindi Language to develop it in order that it could function a medium of expression for the composite tradition of India to safe its Enrichment by assimilating with out interfering with its real types, fashion and expression utilized in Hindustani and different languages of India.
SCHEDULE VIII – LANGUAGES (Article 344(i) & 351)
The following languages are accepted within the structure as Official Language for the Union and States:
1 Assamese 2 Oriya 3 Urdu 4 Kannada 5 Kashmiri
6 Gujarati 7 Tamil 8 Telugu 9 Punjabi 10 Bengali
11 Marathi 12 Malayalam 13 Sanskrit 14 Sindhi 15 Hindi
16 Nepali 17 Manipuri 18 Konkani 19 Bodo 20 Santhali
21 Maithali 22 Dogari
THE OFFICIAL LANGUAGE ACT 1963 – AMENDED IN 1967
Section 3(1) offers with the continuation of English Language along with Hindi for Official functions of the union and to be used in parliament.
Section 3(2) offers with the availability of Hindi or English language used for the aim of communication between Ministry or Department or Office of Central Government and any company or firm owned or managed by Central Government Translation of such communication in Hindi or English shall be offered until such date because the workers involved, Ministry, division, Office or company or firm have acquired working information of Hindi.
Section 3(3) offers with the availability of each Hindi and English languages shall be used for Resolutions, General Orders, Rules, Notifications, Adminstrative or different stories of Press Communications, Contracts and agreements executed and licenses, permits, notices and types of tender issued by the places of work.
Section Three states that the Central Government could by notification within the official gazette make guidelines for finishing up the aim of this Act.
Resolution 1968: Intensive and Comprehensive programme must be ready and applied by the Government of India for accelerating the unfold and improvement of Hindi in collaboration with the State Government.

1 of 4

SALIENT FEATURES OF OFFICIAL LANGUAGES RULES 1976 (AS AMENDED 1987)
In train of the powers conferred by Section Eight of the Official Language Act, 1963, the Central Government has made the next guidelines. With a view to implement the Official Language Policy,areas specifically ‘A’,’B’,’C’ have been constituted within the nation.
‘A’ Region – Bihar, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh, Jharkand, Uttaranchal and  Chattisgarh, Delhi and Andaman & Nicobar.
‘B’ Region – Gujarat, Maharashtra, Punjab & Union Territory Chandigarh, Daman & diu and Dadar & Nagar Haveli
‘C’ Region – States and Union Territories aside from these referred to A & B Regions.
Rule-I offers with the title and Rule-2 relating to the definitions of phrases corresponding to Act “Employee”, Notified workplace of Proficiency” and many others used within the guidelines.
3. Communications to states and many others. aside from Central Govt. offices-Communications from Cental Govt. places of work to states and Union territories in A & B area  is generally in Hindi. For states, Union territories within the area ‘C’ shall be in English (Office contains particular person additionally).
4.Communication between Central Govt.Offices located in ‘A’ shall be in Hindi and for places of work located in ‘B’ & ‘C’ could also be in Hindi & English or in such proportion decided infrequently.
5. Replies to communications obtained in Hindi – Replies to communications in Hindi shall be in Hindi.
6. Use of each Hindi & English for paperwork referred in Section 3(3) of 1963 Act. Both Hindi & English for use for paperwork corresponding to Resolutions, General Orders, Rules, Notifications, Administrative or different stories, press commnuniques, Contracts, Agreements and licenses, permits, notices and types of tender issued by the places of work.
7. Applications, Representations – Employee could submit an utility, attraction or illustration in Hindi or in English.
8. Noting – An worker could document a word or minute on file in Hindi or in English with out being himself required to furnish a translation there – of within the different Language.
9. Proficiency in Hindi – Matriculation or any equal or increased examination with Hindi because the medium of instruction or Hindi as an elective topic in diploma.
10. Working Knowledge in Hindi-Metric with Hindi as one of many topic i.e, its language or Pragya move or declaring himself having working information in Hindi.
11. Manuals, Codes, different procedural literature Article of Stationary, Forms & Headings, Stations written printed or shall be in Hindi & English.
12. Responsibility for compliance –
(1) Ensure implementation of the availability of the Act.
(2) Devise appropriate and efficient checks factors
(3) Issue of Directions infrequently.

*********

Various Incentives/Award Schemes for Rajbhasha Hindi
Railway Board’s Individual Cash Award Scheme
Every yr 135 Officers/staff are awarded for doing commendable & most work in Hindi by Railway Board at All India Hindi Week Celebrations. These awards are given by the Railway Minister. Every award will get ` 1500/- in money and a certificates.
General Manager’s Individual Cash Award Scheme
Every yr on the eve of South Western Railway’s Hindi Saptah Celebrations 10 officers/staff are awarded for doing commendable and most official work in Hindi. These awards are given by General Manager.
Home Ministry’s award Scheme
The particulars of the scheme are as follows:-
1. All officers and staff working in South Western Railway can take part within the Competition underneath this scheme.

2. Officers/staff working in areas – ‘A’, ‘B’ for writing minimal 20,000 phrases & in “C” for writing minimal 20,000 phrases & in “C” for writing minimal 10,000 phrases in Hindi per yr.

Awards to be given
For Ministry/Dept/Attached Office For Subordinate Office
First prize First prize 2 Awards ` 5000/-each
Second prize Second prize 3 Awards ` 3000/-each
Third Prize Third Prize 5 Awards ` 2000/- every
(Authority: DD/OL/MORly/NDLS L.No.Hindi-2013/प्र/7/7 Dated 28/01/2013.)

Note: Under this scheme minimal 10 individuals must be there from any Unit/Section/Office.

 

2 of 4

Collective Cash Award Scheme
Under the Scheme Three departments are awarded for doing commendable and most work in Hindi.
Particulars of the award
First Prize : ` 9000/- (1500×6 Persons)
Second Prize : ` 6000/- (1200×5 Persons)
Third Prize : ` 4000/- (800x5Persons)
Award for writing unique Hindi books on Economic topics
First Prize (1) : ` 50,000/-
Second Prize (1) : ` 40,000/-
Third Prize (1) : ` 30,000/-
‘Earth Science (Pirthvi Vigyan)’ Award for writing unique Hindi books on Oceanography, Atomospheric Sciences & Earth Science  topics:-
First Prize :  ` 1,00,000/-
Second Prize :  ` 60,000/-
Third Prize :  ` 40,000/-
Consolation Prize :  ` 20,000/-
Award Scheme for writing unique Hindi books on Culture  topics:-
First Prize :  ` 60,000/-
Second Prize :  ` 45,000/-
Third Prize :  ` 30,000/-
Consolation Prize :  ` 10,000/- (Each for Four awardees)
‘Lal Bahadur Shastri’ Award for writing unique Hindi books on Technical  topics:-
First Prize (1) :  ` 20,000/-
Second Prize (1) :  ` 10,000/-
Third Prize (1) :  ` 7,000/-
‘Rajbhasha Gaurav’ Award for writing unique Hindi books on Technical  topics:-
First Prize :  ` 1,00,000/- +
Second Prize :  ` 75,000/-
Third Prize :  ` 60,000/-
Consolation Prize :  ` 30,000/-
Cash Award Scheme for writing Story, Novel and Poetry in Hindi
1. Premchand Award Scheme: Every yr is given to the very best story ebook or a novel in Hindi
First Prize :  ` 20,000/-
Second Prize :  ` 10,000/-
Third Prize :  ` 7,000/-
2. Maithili Sharan Gupta Award Scheme:- Every yr is given to the very best story ebook or a novel in Hindi
First Prize :  ` 20,000/-
Second Prize :  ` 10,000/-
Third Prize :  ` 7,000/-
3. Railway Minister Hindi Essay Competition  
For writing greatest essays pertaining to Railway topic following awards are distribute :-
First Prize :  ` 15,000/-
Second Prize :  `  7,000/-
Competition is held in January (Authority: Dy.Dir(Raj)`s L.No. Hindi-2013/प्र.-7/12 Dtd. 23.12.2014)
Training – Incentives relating to Hindi/Hindi Typing/Hindi Stenography Training

(Only for these officers/Employees who don’t possess working information of Hindi)

The Officers/Employees of Group ‘A’, ‘B’ and ‘C’ who move the above examinations performed underneath the Hindi Teaching Scheme with creditable marks are awarded within the following method.
On passing Prabodh/Praveen/Pragya/Hindi Typing/Stenography examinations performed underneath the Hindi Teaching scheme with creditable marks are awarded within the following method.
Cash Award
Having secured Prabodh (`) Praveen (`) Pragya (`)
70% or extra marks 1600/- 1800/- 2400/-
60% or extra marks 800/- 1200/- 1600/-
55% or extra marks 400/- 600/- 800/-

 

 

Three of 4

 

 

 

Lumpsum Award 1,600 1,500 2400
In addition, private pay in quantity to 1 increment for 12 months
For passing Hindi typing examination For passing Stenography Examination
Having Secured 97% extra 95-97% 90-95% Having Secured 95% extra 92-95% 88-92%
Typing 2400/- 1600/- 800/- Stenography 2400/- 1600/- 800/-
Lumpsum Award for Hindi Typing- ` 1,600/- Hindi stenography ` 3,000/-
Typewriting :- In addition, private pay equal to 1 increment for 12 months.
Stenography:- In addition, Stenography whose mom tongue is just not Hindi are given private pay equal in quantity to 2 increments for the 12months on passing Hindi Stenography examination.
Hindi Essay, Elocution, Noting and Drafting Competitions:-
Hindi Essay, Elocution, Noting and Drafting Competitions are performed at Zonal and Railway Board ranges as soon as in a yr.
Awards are given within the following method for Essay, Elocution and Noting an Drafting Competitions-
Prizes Zonal Level Railway Board degree
First prize ` 2000/- ` 3000/-
Second Prize ` 1600/- ` 2500/-
Third Prize ` 1400/- ` 2000/-
Consolation prize ` 800/-  (3 Persons) ` 1500/- (5 Persons)
When competitors is held July August
  Hindi Yatra Vritant Award – The award quantity is as follows-
First prize ` 10,000/- Prerna Award      ` 4,000/- (5 individual)
Second Prize ` 8,000/-
Third Prize ` 6,000/-
Incentive Allowance to typists and stenographers:-
English Typists and English Stenographers are allowed on sure situations incentive allowance of 80/- and 120/- per thirty days respectively for doing Hindi typing and Hindi stenography work.
Incentive Scheme for Officers giving dictation in Hindi:-
All the officers who’ve been offered stenographic help and who usually give dictation, can take part on this scheme. Hindi talking officers for giving dictation in Hindi for at least 20,000 phrases in a calendar yr. Non Hindi talking Officers for giving dictation in Hindi for a minimal 10,000 phrases in a calendar yr. Amount of award 4,000/-` for every officer.
Note- The Officers/Employees working in Hindi group is not going to be eligible to take part in any of the above schemes
Hindi Awards for Officers-
Kamalapathi Tripathi Gold Medal To above SAG Grade Officer for excellent contribution in direction of Rajbhasha Implementation in Zonal Railway/Production/Workshop models.
Rail Mantri Rajbhasha Silver Medal To SAG Grade Officer for excellent contribution in direction of Rajbhasha Implementation in Zonal Railway/ Production/ Workshop models.
List of paperwork coming underneath Section 3(3):-
1. *General Orders  2.Notifications  3.Agreements  4. Licenses  5.Permits 6.Tender kind & Tender notices 7. Resolutions 8. Rules  9.Documents/Papers offered in Parliament  10.Administrative & Other Reports.
General Orders embody:
1. All orders, selections or directions supposed for departmental use and that are of standing nature.

2. All orders, directions, memoranda, notices and many others. regarding or supposed for teams of Government staff.

3. All circulars whether or not supposed for departmental use or for Government staff.

Four of 4

Translate »